Download Aktu(UPTU) B.TECH- CSE ,Sem 5th DBMS (Database Management System) Lecture Notes

Bachelor of Computer Science & Engineering 3rd Year (V - VI Semester) Aktu Lecture Notes

NCS-502 Database Management System

I. Introduction: 

  • An overview of the database management system,

  • database system Vs file system, 
  • Database system concept and architecture, 
  • data model schema and instances, 
  • data independence and database language and interfaces, 
  • data definitions language, DML, 
  • Overall Database Structure. 
  • Data Modeling Using the Entity-Relationship Model: ER model concepts, 
  • Notation for ER diagram, mapping constraints, keys, 
  • Concepts of Super Key, candidate key, primary key, 
  • Generalization, aggregation, 
  • Reduction of an ER diagram to tables, extended ER model, the relationship of higher degree.

II. Relational Data Model and Language: 

  • Relational data model concepts, integrity 8 constraints, entity integrity, referential integrity, Keys constraints, Domain constraints, 
  • Relational algebra, relational calculus, tuple and domain calculus. 
  • Introduction on SQL: Characteristics of SQL, the advantage of SQL. 
  • SQL data type and literals. 
  • Types of SQL commands. 
  • SQL operators and their procedure. 
  • Tables, views and indexes. 
  • Queries and subqueries. 
  • Aggregate functions. 
  • Insert, update and delete operations, Joins, Unions, Intersection, Minus, Cursors, Triggers, Procedures in SQL/PL SQL

III. Database Design & Normalization: 

  • Functional dependencies,  

  • Normal forms, first, second, third normal forms, BCNF,  

  • inclusion dependence,  

  • lossless join decompositions,  

  • normalization using FD, MVD, and JDs,  

  • alternative approaches to database design.

IV. Transaction Processing Concept: 

  • Transaction system, 

  • Testing of serializability, 
  • serializability of schedules, 
  • conflict & view serializable schedule, 
  • recoverability, 
  • Recovery from transaction failures, 
  • log-based recovery, checkpoints, deadlock handling. 
  • Distributed Database: distributed data storage, concurrency control, directory system.

V. Concurrency Control Techniques: 

  • Concurrency control, 

  • Locking Techniques for concurrency control, 
  • Time stamping protocols for concurrency control, 
  • validation based protocol, 
  • multiple granularity, 
  • Multi-version schemes, 
  • Recovery with concurrent transaction, 
  • case study of Oracle.


1.Korth, Silbertz, Sudarshan,” Database Concepts”, McGraw Hill

2.Date C J, “ An Introduction to Database Systems”, Addision Wesley

3. Elmasri, Navathe, “ Fudamentals of Database Systems”, Addision Wesley

4. O’Neil, Databases, Elsevier Pub.


1.Leon & Leon,” Database Management Systems”, Vikas Publishing House

2.Bipin C. Desai, “ An Introduction to Database Systems”, Gagotia Publications

3. Majumdar & Bhattacharya, “Database Management System”, TMH

Unit I- ER Model:      Click Here to Download

File System:      Click Here to Download

Unit II : SQLClick Here to Download

Relational AlgebraClick Here to Download

Unit III - Normalization:Click Here to Download

UNIT IV & V - Transaction Management and Concurrency Control: Click Here to Download


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